Joshua 13-15…Inheritances and allotments.
Caleb’s words to Joshua demonstrate his faith in the Lord’s promises. He begins by reminding Joshua of the terrible day when God condemned the Israelites to 40 years in the wilderness for refusing, based on the spies’ negative report, to enter Canaan. But God promised to bring Caleb into the land and to give it to his descendants (Num. 14:24). Why was Caleb treated differently? Because he ‘ “brought back word to [Moses] as it was in my heart.… I wholly followed the Lord my God.’ ” He trusted God to deal with the mighty cities and the giants the spies saw. In response, Moses, in a vow not recorded elsewhere in Scripture, promised to give Caleb and his descendants the lands he had scouted.
Now, 45 years later, Caleb can attest that God has kept His promise to preserve him through wilderness and war. So gracious has God been to Caleb that he is as strong spiritually at 85 as at 40. That being the case, he asks not for a safe parcel but for the mountain of the Anakim, the giants who so terrified the other spies, leading to the people’s refusal to enter the land. We can assume that Caleb, observing what stress (the spies) laid upon the difficulty of conquering Hebron, a city ruled by the giants … bravely desired to have that city which they called invincible assigned to himself. With God’s help, Caleb says, he will prove their assessment wrong. Joshua is quick to bless his friend and to grant his request, giving him Hebron and the surrounding area.